Budget Interior Designers in Chennai

Interior designing is a necessity for any house whether it is a small 2BHK apartment or a large mansion. Every house has different requirements of interior designing and it may vary based on the nature of family members, budget and the size of the house.

We are one of the top budget interior designers in Chennai and we can offer our service at affordable rates. We will help you to renovate your interiors or convert new apartments into a ready to occupy condition. We can create a friendly environment for your family to lead a quality life. We can help you achieve unique and stylish interior.

Interior Designers in Chennai for Small Houses

Interior designing is not for large and luxury houses only. We believe every property needs interior designing to make the best use of the space and create an appropriate interior environment.

The old attitude towards interior designing as something extravagant is fading away slowly. People in Chennai now consider interior designing as a necessity regardless of the size of the house. We are an affordable interior design company in Chennai helping people to do interior designing in low budget.

Moreover, the average size of the houses in Chennai is decreasing gradually. It becomes important for the house owners to use the space intelligently in order to include maximum utilities without stuffing the house.

The biggest nightmare of the owners of a small house is the inability to bring necessary furniture due to the lack of space. If you are worried about that we can help you. You no longer have to worry that you can’t have all your favorite utilities in your place. We know amazing tricks to include maximum functionalities in small places.

Interior Designers in Chennai for Flats

The architecture of flats is not designed to meet the particular requirements of the occupants and therefore interior designing become compulsory. They are designed based on the common requirements.

Flats in a building would be identical and it is the interior designing which should give a unique personality to a flat. We can help you personalize your flats based on your tastes and unique requirements.

We have talented professionals in our team to improve the quality of the space.

Affordable Modular Kitchen

Modular kitchen is one of the most popular trends in interior designing currently. It makes the kitchen both beautiful and user-friendly at the same time. People love the elegant look and amazing functionality of the modular kitchen.

Unfortunately, the modular kitchen is quite expensive and people on a budget can’t afford that. However, we can help you achieve the look, feel and functionality of the modular kitchen in less expense.

We got some amazing ideas to replicate modular kitchen at affordable rates. We use cheap finishing materials and imitate the look of PU finishing. We also give emphasis to give a beautiful appearance to the cabinets.

Flooring

In budget interior designing, we recommend vitrified tiles for flooring instead of expensive marbles or granites. Vitrified tiles are less expensive and available in plenty of designs. Light color tiles are great for small houses because it can brighten up the room and create the illusion of more space. We also do vinyl flooring which is far less expensive though it is not quite common in Chennai.

Interior Design Chennai Cost in Chennai

We use materials and products based on the unique requirements of the house owners and therefore it is impossible to have a fixed price for the service. On an average, the cost of complete interior designing for a 2 BHK flat in Chennai is around 2 Lakh. This would include kitchen cabinets, wardrobes a few additional storages, and decoration of bathrooms, living room and bedrooms.

Interior design packages in Chennai are highly flexible. The projects would vary based on many factors. Some house owners would only want interior designing for the kitchen or while some others want a decoration for the entire house.

The interior design cost per square foot in Chennai would vary based on the material you would choose. Marble and granite are expensive than vitrified tiles and vinyl flooring. The labor cost for the marble flooring is higher than granite flooring. Unlike other services, the cost of interior designing can only be estimated after considering the requirements.

Interior Designing Quote

If you let us know your requirements we can give you a quote with a draft estimate. We would create the estimate based on the factors like the end products, materials you want to use, and the labor charge.

Affordable Materials

We have years of experience in this field and we know how to reduce cost without compromising the quality. The technology has matured and now we get quality materials at affordable rates. We would recommend the best materials based on your requirements and budget.

We use durable and affordable materials that would last long for decades. We take various measures to save your initial cost and maintenance cost. Cheap materials but not durable will save you some initial costs but you would have to replace it later. For example, while the material cost of both marble and granite are almost same, the marble would have higher labor cost.

When it comes to the interior design finishes , PU finishes for the wardrobes and cabinets would look nice but they are expensive. For interior designing on a controlled budget, we would use veneer or PVC finishes. These materials look great and are affordable at the same time.

Multi-purpose Furniture

We can save your money by helping you to choose furniture with multiple purposes. This kind of items would give you two uses at the price of one. These objects can be converted into different furniture items and used for different purposes. For example, you can have sofa cum bed and can be used as sofa and bed. This would make your life in the small apartment a lot easier.

Multi-purpose furniture also helps you to save space in your home. You don’t have to buy multiple objects when you can use a single object for multiple purposes.

Interior designing is an art and it can be done in both expensive and affordable ways. We can help you optimize your house for better living at an affordable rate. We offer our services at affordable rates and you can find Zenith Interior on the top in the list of interior designers in Chennai providing affordable interior designing services.

Indoor Gardens for Apartments

One of the greatest concerns of urban dwellers living in the boxy apartments is the lack of vegetation and greenery in the concrete forests they live. It’s possible for those who have a love for plants or gardens to go out and visit some parks or farms to see some greenery.

However, it’s not a clever solution because you can’t be there all the time. A smart solution would be bringing greenery into the indoors. Since apartment owners don’t have outdoor space to grow plants and flowers, indoor gardens for the apartment would be the best choice to bring greenery into the life. A mini garden inside the house can bring freshness to the house.

 

Benefits of Indoor Gardens

Indoor gardens in the apartments can benefit the occupants in many ways. Planting herbs and managing them can be a great hobby for those who have a love for gardening. Apart from that, indoor gardens can also be used to decorate the house as well us to make a healthy environment in the house.

 

Interior Decoration

Plants and greenery is a great way to decorate a space. It brings the warmth of nature to the house and makes the house more welcoming. It can be used to decorate the wall and windowsill. Flower plants can brighten up your rooms. Windowsills, corners, and tables are great places to keep flower pots.

 

Health Benefits

Plants can improve the air quality by fileting toxins like ammonia, benzene, and formaldehyde from the air. Purification of the air makes the indoor healthier and

Weeping figs and date palms are some indoor plants for that purify air and you can use such plants to build a health-friendly environment inside the house.

 

How to Make Indoor Garden in Apartments

Space is a big concern for an average apartment. Sometimes we compromise buying the most wanted utilities fearing it may clutter up the small rooms. When it comes to apartments, space is limited and hence valuable. The thought of garden as something that would take up lots of space in your small apartment may pull back you from your longing to have an indoor garden.

Don’t worry guys. Here we got some fabulous indoor garden ideas to make mini garden inside the house without taking much space. There are proven smart ways to make decorative gardens inside houses.

You should not forget to check the instructions at the bottom to get some tips and not make any common mistakes in the indoor gardening.

 

Apartment Gardening for Beginners

You can get either seeds or sprouts from the nursery or supermarket and plant them in containers. The best plants for beginners would be herbs like mint and basil.

You can also ask your friends or relatives for sprouts if they have gardens. You can also ask for their help and their advice would be a great help if you don’t have any previous experience in gardening.

The best spot to keep your plants would be your windowsills that get direct sunlight at least for a couple of hours. You can place some small pots of flowers or small herbs there. It is the easiest way to make an indoor garden in apartments. You won’t have to struggle hard to make them grow when there is sufficient sunlight.

You can use containers like pots, tubs, tin, and buckets to grow your herbs and keep them on a flat surface. This is the easiest way for beginners in gardening. All you have to do is find some good types of herbs and get their seeds. Fill the containers with the composite soil and place the seed in there.

 

Suspended Gardening

You don’t have to keep the plants always on the floor. There are many ways to keep the containers hanged in a room. This kind of gardening is called suspended gardening. It opens lots of creative ways to decorate a room. We can use plastic cola bottles, glass bottles and similar containers as the planter for suspended gardening. Hanging gardens or suspended gardens have many possibilities and it would be the best choice if you are thinking about how to make the indoor garden unique.

Seeing the photos, you may think it is hard to make suspended gardening but it is not that difficult. You can find thousands of DIY videos on YouTube related to suspended gardening. You can watch them for an inspiration.

 

Tips for Indoor Gardening

Flower plants require sunlight more than other plants do. Therefore place them on the windowsills which get better sunlight.
Small plants don’t look great when there is only one. It would be nice if you could place a bunch of small plants together because that would look lovely.
If you couldn’t get good soil for the gardening, you can get it from the nurseries. Soils perfect for container gardening are available in the market.
Shifting the positions of plants regularly is not recommended. Doing so may cause a sudden and random difference in the sunlight, humidity and other factors which are important for the plants. These sudden changes may affect the growth of plants.
When it is required to trim some leaves from the plant, always trim the bottom leaves. This increases the speed of growth.

 

Instructions for Apartment Gardening

You should make sure if the plants you choose are good for indoor gardening. Some plants or herbs may go wild and may create a mess.
Use pots and containers with the perfect size and shape for each type of plants. Some plants’ roots go deep and hence they would need a deeper container. Some other plants especially herbs need large surface area and don’t need a deep container.
Every plant needs at least a couple hours good sunlight. Find spots that get sunlight and fix your plants there.
Fill the containers with good composite soils.
Scatter the seeds in equal distances in the soil.
Water your plants regularly.
The containers or pots with less depth are more likely to dry fast. Never let them dry out.
Don’t over water your seeds. Deep pots are more likely to keep the wetness for a longer time. Therefore, check the soil in deep pots and if the soil is moist, don’t water it until it is dry.
Use a small claw to aerate the surface soil in the pot.
While aerating the soil with the claw, ensure that it doesn’t disturb the roots too much.

 

Conclusion

The lack of space in your apartment is not going to stop you from making an indoor garden for your apartment. Container gardening is the greatest way to achieve. When it comes to the indoor garden decoration, creative suspended gardening can transform the look and feel of the house.

Modern vs Traditional Interior Design

When it comes to the interior designing, most of the people get caught up in confusion between modern vs traditional interior design. We are not sure which one we should go for.
You might have heard this term modern and traditional a lot of time in your life. They are just different types of styles. You should remember that it is not like one is good and others are wrong. The right style for each person is determined by the personal taste and requirements.
Traditional style is great for those who love antiques and want to have the nostalgia of the old days. This style may not be good for small apartments of villas because the architecture is different. Traditional style is better for for lone houses with above average sizes.
Remember, traditional and modern are not the only two styles out there. There are a number of styles in interior designing but information on all of them would be overwhelming to you if you had never thought about styles before. Therefore, in this article, we discuss only modern and traditional interior design styles.

 

Traditional Interior Design

The traditional interior design of each region is different. The traditional architecture of Tamil Nadu is different from that of Kerala or Andhra Pradesh. Similarly, you can differentiate between South Indian and North Indian style. Traditional style is highly regional specific. However, there are some common features of all traditional style. These features can help us to distinguish traditional and non-traditional style.

Characteristics of Traditional Interior Design

• All the accessories and furniture items are made of solid wood because the wood was the only available material to make those things. We don’t use plastic, glass, and steel in traditional interior design. However, metals like iron and bronze are used in traditional style.

• All the decorative and other small elements like bowls, vases, and candle stands have an antique style. Those things have a highly complex design.

• The inviting warm color scheme is the most important feature of the traditional design.
1. Dark and rich colors are commonly used colors in traditional style.
2. Red, brown and jewel colors are used for accent elements.
3. The color of the wall is lighter to get better contrast against the dark elements in the room.

• Fabrics like curtains and drapes feature strong floral patterns. The strong patterns mute or understate the fabric colors.

• The flooring is generally done using wood in dark shaded. Only large palaces and the royal building used stones like marbles for flooring. Most of the common buildings and houses used only wood.

• In traditional design, we can see lots of symmetrical shapes. These symmetries make the design looks elegant. You can also see smooth curves in the furniture items and other elements inside the house.

• The furniture and other elements in a room are bulky and the room has a high visual weight. Moreover, they are highly ornate and rich with details.

 

Modern Design

Modern design is a departure from the traditional design. Many people confuse this term with the latest or contemporary style. They are different.

We call the current and latest design style as contemporary style. Technically, modern interior designing is referred to as the style existed between the World War 1 and 1960s. After the 1960s, new design styles emerged and became popular. Therefore, modern is actually not new.
Urbanization and changes in the family structure after the 19th century had a huge role in shaping modern interior design style. This was the case of the western world but when it comes to India, it took time to reach the changes in the interior design trends.

Characteristics of Modern Interior Design

• The modern interior design emphasizes functionality over the form. The incorporation of additional storage spaces is another feature of the modern design.

• The first difference we notice is the use types of materials used for the construction. Apart from wood, we also use plastic, glass, and steel widely in a modern interior.

• The use of metals like iron and bronze and wood is very low.

• Woods in the lighter shades are used in modern design whereas traditional style mostly used woods in dark shades.

• We can use pretty much any colors in the modern design. We use warm colors like red, orange and yellow and as well as cool colors like green and blue.

• We can see better use of colors in the modern interiors. The colors are used based on the perceived impact of each color.

• Modern interiors have less visual weight due to the use of the glass, steel and lighter shades of the wood.

• The modern interior design is optimized for the urban lifestyle. We see a clever space management in modern style because space is a huge concern in the urban area. The modern furnishings don’t take too much space and it makes the room appear bigger.

• In India, the rise of single family and nuclear families also impacted the modern interior design style.

• Furniture items and other elements of modern interiors are less detailed and ornate. These elements have less visual weights than their counterparts in the traditional interior and therefore, the modern interiors have less visual weight. The finishing of different accessories, furniture items and materials are simple.

• Light shades wood and stone materials are used in modern design. This makes space look much brighter.

• Minimalism is another feature of the modern design. In the patterns and decoration, we don’t see rich details. When it comes to the curtains or drapes, we don’t see strong patterns in the modern interior. They have a very clean and simple design. If there are any patterns they are very subtle.

• The modern interior design makes kitchens more productive. The convenience is given more preference. The objects and accessories used in the modern interior design of a kitchen are made of a variety of materials. The trendy modular kitchen is a product of modern interior design.

We see that traditional and modern interior design styles are two styles existed in different periods. Although they were popular in certain periods, these styles can be used anytime. The style of the interior design you choose for your house gives a character to your house.
If you have a taste for traditional style and love for antique and classic style, you can choose the traditional design. Modern style is for those who prefer simplicity and functionality. These are two extremes and if you want something in the middle you got the transitional interior design. This is a mixture of traditional and modern design.

Difference between Interior Design and Interior Decoration

Often the terms interior designing and interior decoration are used interchangeably but that is not true. The fundamental difference between the interior design and interior decoration is in their functions. While an interior designer is supposed to make a safe and friendly interior environment from scratch for the occupants, an interior decorator just adds decorative elements to an already existing space.

Interior designing and interior decoration are not the same and both professions require different sets of skills and knowledge.

Interior Design

Interior designers have to understand different elements of the space and manipulate the appearance of it after considering physical factors like shape and volume of the rooms
• They also have to consider the behavior and needs of the occupants living there and design the best space for them.
• It is also important for interior designers to know the building codes in the region and follow them accordingly. Therefore, in most part of the world, an interior designer needs to have a license to practice.

Interior Decoration

• An interior decorator is required to furnish a space and add decorative elements to embellish the room.
• Unlike interior designer, an interior decorator needn’t formal education or license.
• However, an interior decorator needs to have a clear understanding of different styles interior designing and architecture and a keen eye for the aesthetics.

Scope

Interior designing is a part of the architecture and both have almost same principles. The overall function of interior designing is to add value to space by enhancing usability, functionality, safety and aesthetic appearance of the space.
When it comes to interior decoration, no structural changes are made to the interior.

 

Interior Design

Functionality:

The primary role of interior designers is to manipulate the space to make it better fit for the occupants. They consider what all are the uses of the space and how the occupants would use them.
Therefore, interior designers have to design a space that is appropriate for the behavior and requirements of the occupants. The design is supposed to make the life of occupants easier. It is the duty of the interior designer to incorporate maximum utility and functionality into space without cluttering the room.

Accessibility:

Interior designer has to make space convenient and accessible for all occupants. The accessibility is very closely related to the functionality. Accessibility is all about ensuring a great experience for all occupants regardless of their weaknesses.
There might be occupants with physical disabilities in a house. It is also important to make the space appropriate for them while designing the interior of a house.
A great design should satisfy the unique needs of all users and help them use it without additional help. When it comes to the interior designing also, it’s true.
If there are old people in houses, it is also important to consider their life in the house while designing the rooms. The design of the rooms shouldn’t further challenge the old people or physically challenged ones in a house. Therefore, a good interior designing is supposed to make the space as accessible as possible for all occupants.

Safety:

Interior designers are also supposed to ensure the safety standards. They consider the safety of occupants while choosing different materials, windows, and door. They also have to take care of any possible dangers from the electric equipment and circuit.

Aesthetics:

The aesthetics of the place is also an important factor determining the value of a space. The beauty of a space improves the confidence of the occupants. The design should also give importance to make space attractive along with improving functionality and accessibility.

 

Interior Decoration

Most of the influential interior designers today believe that the functionality and accessibility of the space are important than beauty. Therefore, interior designers now give less importance to make a space attractive. When it comes to the interior decorator, aesthetics is the most important factor and the primary role of an interior decorator is to improve the style and beauty of the space.

 

Role

The role of an interior decorator and interior designer is different from the scope of both professions varies greatly. Since the scope of interior decoration is smaller, the role of interior decorators is limited. The role of an interior decorator is to consult the clients with the best furniture and decorative elements for them to improve the beauty of the space.

 

Interior Designer

• Interior designers have to create the drawing and 3D models of the proposed design. The drawing includes floor plan, elevations, and an electrical circuit.
• The project management also becomes a part of the jobs of an interior designer due to the complexity of the works they handle.
• An interior designer is also expected to deal with product and material selection required for the project. The quality and safety standards and taste of the clients are considered while selecting the products.

 

Interior Decorator

• Interior designers make the space attractive by choosing right furniture and art objects and accent elements.
• It also includes picking the color of the paint and other elements in a room.
• It also includes arranging movable objects in a room to refresh the room or make it more attractive.

 

Types of Projects

The type of projects handles by the interior designers and decorators are entirely different due to the difference in scope of each profession.

Interior Designer

• An interior designer develops useable interior from raw space for residential properties, office, retails shops and showrooms and other types of building.
• Sometimes, interior designers also manage complete revamp or renovation of the interior.
• These projects may be limited to one or two elements like flooring or ceiling or top to bottom works.

 

Interior Decorator

• Interior decorator adds value to the already existing space by adding some more elements.
• This is done to refresh the property for further use or for resale.
• Sometimes, interior decoration is done after an interior renovation is done by an interior designer.

It is obvious that interior designers are paid higher than interior decorators when it comes to their salary.
An interior designer can do what do you as an interior decorator but interior decorators are not allowed to do interior designing. As mentioned earlier, an interior decorator is not supposed to make any structural changes to space. It can only be done during the initial interior designing or interior renovation.

Basics of Color in Interior Design

It is not a rocket science but common sense to not paint a bedroom, where you want to relax and calm, with a strong vibrant color like red or yellow. Instead, you would use calm and lighter shades of the green or blue. Although, there are general rules regarding the appropriate colors for different rooms, the different colors, different effects. Each color has different wavelength and they are received and recognized by different parts of the brain it different colors can affect the mood or brain in different ways. Experiments have proved that colors affect our hormones, mood, and health. Therefore, color is important factor in interior design.
A scientific experiment on the effects of room colors showed that brain activity increased when people are in a red room while the blue room increased the wavelengths of the brain associated with relaxing.

Red = Brain activity increased
Blue = Brain wavelengths associated with relaxing increased

It proves that certain colors are more arousing than other colors. For example, red and yellow which are seen to be more arousing than blue and greens. This means that brain is aroused to long wave colors like red and yellow as opposed to shortwave colors like blue and green.

Color Temperature

Broadly colors can be divided into two based on its wavelength: warm and cool colors. Longer wavelength colors like red, yellow and orange are considered warm colors while shorter wavelength colors like blue and green as cool colors.

Color Tint and Shade

If you add white to a particular you get a tint of the color and if you add black you get the shades of color. There are different levels of tints and shades depending on the lightness or darkness of the color.

Color Theory in Interior Design

Warm colors are energetic, playful and arousing while cool colors. These colors can be used for kitchen, dining areas, and living rooms.
Cool colors inspire relaxation and meditation. Green, the color nature; blue, the color of the sea and other shortwave colors are good for bedrooms, bathrooms, and spas.
White, black and grays are neutral colors.
Geographically, cool colors are good for warmer regions and warm colors for cooler climates.

Factors Affecting the Appropriate Colors of a Room

There are many other factors to consider while determining the appropriate color for the room. The function of the room, its uses, the age of people who use the room, favorite and disliked colors etc. has to be considered before choosing the appropriate color for the room.

1. The Function of the Room

The use of a room and the identity of a room etc. have a big take on deciding the best color to paint the room. Is the room used for relaxing, sleeping or family to get together? It has a bearing on the appropriate color for a room.
As a general rule, certain colors are suitable for certain rooms and certain colors are to be avoided for certain rooms. Most houses have the bedrooms, living rooms, bathrooms, dining rooms, and kitchens. Larger homes have other types of rooms as well.
• Red stimulates the brain and it can be used to increase activity and passion.
• A living room or family room has to be cheerful and the best color for this would be yellow.
• Bedrooms should have colors that are calming and relaxing. Blue and green are perfect for this.
• The colors in the kitchen need to stimulate brain increase the brain activity to keep people active. Red and orange are perfect for this.
• Red and orange also increase the appetite and therefore they are good dining areas as well.

2. Climate

Climate is another factor to be considered while picking the right colors for your home. It is better to choose cooler colors for the warm regions and warm colors for the cooler climate. People in rooms painted with warm colors would feel warmer and people in rooms painted with cool colors feel cooler. Therefore, choosing the right colors would help you provide a better environment inside the house.

3. Sun Light

If you get direct sunlight into the rooms through the window, you can use cooler colors because the sunlight is warmer. On the other hand, if the room doesn’t get any direct sunlight, warmer colors are best for the room to bridge the lack of sunlight.

4. Individual Tastes

It should also be noted that specific colors have a big impact on the people and it is personal. Hence, the color we love and the color we loath would vary from person to person which means the favorite and disliked colors are different for different people.

How to Choose the Color Scheme

Choosing the dominant color for a room is not the difficult process. You need to choose other subordinate colors that go well with the dominant colors. It doesn’t matter you chose the right and most appropriate dominant color for a room,
It doesn’t have to be challenging to choose the right color scheme. Interior designers and decorators use a trick to make perfect color schemes and you can use that too. It is called the color wheel.
All you have to is start with a color you love or the dominant color you chose for your room and the color wheel suggest you the best colors to pair with it.

How to Use Color Wheel for Interior Design

The color scheme is one of the key factors in any design aesthetics. In interior design, using wrong colors together would cause visual anarchy. A color wheel helps you to find out the best colors that go well with a color you chose.

                                                              Basic Color Wheel

A basic color wheel contains 12 colors. Out of these 12 colors, 3 are primary colors: red, yellow and blue. These colors can’t be made by mixing other colors while it is possible to make different colors by mixing these colors.
If you mix any two of these primary colors equally, you would get a different color and they are called secondary colors.

Red + Yellow = Orange
Red + Blue = Purple
Yellow + Blue = Green

These colors positioned accordingly in the color wheel. If you again mix the adjacent secondary colors and primary colors, you would get tertiary colors and there are 12 tertiary colors.
There are lots of free color wheel tools on online. These color wheels are so complex that you have millions of colors available. These tools would help you to pick color schemes based on a color you choose. Based on the relationship between colors in a color scheme, there are different types of color scheme. Each type of color scheme has different effects on the visual appeal. These are different methods to choose different combinations of colors that go well together. Here is a list of most commonly used types of color schemes.

Monochromatic:

This color scheme picks different shades and tints of the same color you choose. It is light for the eyes and gives a balance and soothing atmosphere. This color scheme doesn’t have a strong color contrast and therefore it would be difficult to highlight any focal points in the room using this color scheme.

Analogous:

This color scheme picks colors that are adjacent on the color wheel. Since they have similar colors, the color scheme looks good always. However, you should avoid picking too many colors or warm and cool colors together in the analogous color scheme. This color scheme has little bit more contrast than a monochromatic color scheme and so it is interesting.

Complimentary:

This color scheme picks the opposite color on the color wheel. These colors have completely different wavelengths and hence it has vibrant and dynamic appearance when they are used together.
The best way to use this color scheme is using one color as the accent color and the subtle shades of the other color.

Split-Complementary Color Scheme:

This is a subtle variation of the complementary color scheme. After picking the base color, you will choose two adjacent colors on each side of the opposing color. This color scheme offers much more balance than complimentary and a contrast without the bold intensity of complementary color scheme.

Triadic:

This method picks three colors with equal space between them on the color wheel. Three primary colors and three secondary colors are perfect examples for this. This color scheme also gives better contrast and vibrancy. The best way to use this scheme would be using one color as the base color and subtle shades of the other colors for better harmony.

Square:

This is similar to the triadic color scheme but four colors. There are four colors in this scheme and hence it should be used subtly to reduce the chaos. Choose one or two colors as base colors and other colors slightly for accent or give variety.

Tetradic:

This method would only work on color wheels with different shades of color. This color scheme gives much more variety than a square color scheme.

Color wheel makes it easier for a designer to pick the right color scheme for their designs. It is used by graphical designers, artists and web designers and interior designers. It is better ideas to find a base color or dominant color for your room before you work with the color wheel. The color wheel is used to find out the best combinations of colors. Always choose a base color based on the factors we discussed above and then use the color wheel to find out other colors that go well with the base color you chose.

Types of Flooring Available In India

Choosing the right flooring material is another time where people spend a lot of time thinking over it. Budget, personal tastes and requirements, architectural style and weather etc. are the major factors determining the type of flooring for a house. A detailed descriptions along with merits and demerits of different types of flooring available in India would help you to make an informed decision quickly.

Marble
Pros
• Natural Stone
• Elegant and timeless material
• Durable
• Value for money
Cons
• Expensive
• High installation cost
• Cold
• Porous Material
• Require polishing in every 4-5 years
Although it is expensive and has its own demerits, marble is the most popular flooring in India. It is a timeless and graceful material for flooring and historically, marbles were used for luxury houses. The famous Taj Mahal of Agra is completely built on Marble.
Marble is a hard stone and found in nature. It is durable and scratch resistant. This material is available in various colors including white, gray, brown and other natural colors. A glossy finishing can be achieved by polishing the marble or you can choose rustic and matte textures.
Marble is a porous material which would absorb water. It is prone to gradual staining and it may become yellowish after a long time if it is not polished. Moreover, things like alkali and acids can damage the marble. This is stone and it will be very cold in winters and monsoon. For this reason, marble may not be a good option for the houses situated in locations where the temperature may go down drastically. Another disadvantage of would be its installation of marble would cost you very high.
Since marble is natural stone, elderly people won’t have to worry about the deceases like rheumatism if the flooring is done with marble.

Vitrified Tiles
Pros
• Affordable Rates
• Variety of Designs
• Quick Installation and Low Labor Cost
• Water Proof

Cons
• Not elegant like Marble

These tiles are made mixing different materials including clay, quartz and silica. Materials are baked at high temperature and make it like a hard stone with a glossy finish on the top. Since it is man-made, vitrified tiles are available in virtually any pattern and color.
Vitrified tiles can have the appearance of any flooring materials including marble, granite, hardwood or bamboo. You will get tiles matching your interior decoration requirements. Vitrified tiles can be installed quickly which reduces the labor cost.

Vinyl Flooring
Pros
• Less expensive
• Easy to Install
• Water resistant
• Less noisy
Cons
• Direct sunlight fades the color
• Extreme temperature may damage the flooring
• Sharp object may damage the tile

Vinyl is available as sheets and tiles and can be used to replicate the look of stones or wood. This is durable and water resistant. The top layer of vinyl prevents it from wear-tear and scratches. Some manufacturers offer 15-20 years of warranty if the top layer gets damaged due to wear. The biggest the advantage of this material is its relatively modest cost. Moreover, the noise will be less when somebody walks on the floor or something falls onto it.
Vinyl tiles cannot be installed on the floor with imperfections or flaws in the level and it needs a smooth and leveled surface. Although vinyl is durable, sharp objects can damage the flooring. Moreover, direct sunlight or extreme temperature may damage or fade the color of the vinyl flooring.

Hardwood
Pros
• Natural
• Value for money
Cons
• Expensive
• Require polishing ever 3-4 years
• Noisy
The organic nature of hardwood makes it extremely health-friendly. It has the real warmth of wood and it would be best for walking with naked foots and comfortable for babies to play on. This flooring is very popular in Europe and North America. The hardwood planks are easy to install and easy to clean. They can be cleaned by vacuuming and mopping. The dirt stains and dust can be easily wiped off.
Hardwood flooring is the best for allergic people and it is the most recommended flooring by doctors across the world.
Hardwood materials are costly and require huge labor cost for both installation and polishing. The material is little noise than vinyl flooring.

Granite
Pros
• Natural stone
• Less porous than marble
• Less installation cost than marble
• Less prone to damage due to acid

Cons
• Installation cost is higher compared to vinyl and vitrified tiles
• Harder than Marble
• Slippery due to hard and polished surface

If the marble is the king, granite is the queen. It is an alternative for marbles since this is also a natural stone. However, unlike marbles granite doesn’t require regular polishing or maintenance. Although granite doesn’t have the elegance of marble, it can add a value to your home. Granite is the best option if you want black or dark flooring in your house.
Although the cost of marble and granite are similar, the installation expense is less for granite. Moreover, granite is less water absorbent than marbles. Granite is also a stone like marble and it will be cold in the monsoon and winter seasons and it would be uncomforting in the cold climate area.

Bamboo Flooring
Pros
• Easy to clean
• Value for money
Cons
• Water absorbent
• Expensive
• Require refinishing
• Prone to scratches
Bamboo flooring is similar to hardwood flooring and it is natural. It is trendy and can enhance the elegance of the interior. Bamboo flooring would be most eco-friendly with different kind flooring because the bamboos are renewable and grow faster than trees out of which hardwood flooring tiles are made.
Just like the hardwood floors, bamboo floors are easy to maintain.
Bamboo floors are water absorbent and it shouldn’t be used in rooms with high humidity because it may absorb the water and swell. Moreover, bamboo flooring is prone to scratching.

Laminate
Pros
• Affordable
• Lesser installation cost
• Easy to clean
Cons
• High moisture may damage
• Can’t be re-polished
What makes this stand apart from other flooring options is it is very easy to install. The planks are constructed in a way that adjacent planks are locked with each other which make the need of gluing them to the ground obsolete. They are available in the look of stone, wood and other natural materials.
The planks have a wear layer which prevents the plank from becoming worn out of constant use. The surface resists stains and it is easy to clean.
Although it is to clean with a vacuum and mop, high amount of water on the surface may damage the flooring. Unlike most other floorings, laminate flooring can’t be refinished and so it should be replaced if it is worn or scratched.

Terrazzo
Pros
• Can be refinished multiple times
• Easy to clean
• Slippery
Cons
• Expensive
Terrazzo is probably the most expensive flooring material. It is traditionally used in Europe and it can be seen in large buildings like cathedrals built in the modern age. This is made out of marble and concrete and so it is available in a variety of patterns and styles. These floors are easy to clean since it is highly resistant to any kind of stains. You can clean anything by simple sweep or mopping.
Most of the terrazzo floors are slippery but non-slip additives can be applied to make it less slippery.

Linoleum Flooring
Pros
• Affordable
• Stylish
• Eco-friendly
• Easy to install
• Cushion effect
Cons
• Moisture may damage the floor
• Sharp objects may damage

This is an eco-friendly material and it can be installed by anyone. They are available in glue-down sheets and snap-together tiles. This material is resilient which would give cushion experience while walking. Some brands add an extra layer on the top to make it scratch free. It is durable and there are brands giving warranty up to 20 years.
Sharp objects may make scratches on the floor. Legs of heavy furniture or high heels may dent the material. Moisture or high humidity may damage the materials.

Brick
Pros
• Durable
• Natural
• Hard and resistant to damages
Cons
• Highly porous
• Prone to staining
Brick flooring becomes more and more popular recently. Brick pavers used for flooring is thinner than the bricks you would use for walls. Brick flooring is hard, durable and resistant to any kind of damages. There are people who like the texture and pattern of the bricks and this can be the best options for them to add a personality to their house. These brick pavers are made out of natural materials including clay, shale and kaolin.
The brick flooring is warm and inviting which makes it a great option for houses in cold climate areas.
Although the brick flooring looks hard, it is porous. It absorbs water which may cause staining.

These all are the most common flooring for houses in India. The basic descriptions above should help you to understand pros and cons of each flooring. You will have to choose one based on your personal requirements, tastes and budget. It is also important to consider the additional expense of maintaining the flooring to keep its shining and freshness.
Some of the floorings are easy to replace which would help you to change the material later if you don’t want it.

Three Types Of Lighting For Your House

Choose Better Lighting for Your House

If you are thinking about to embellish your house with lighting, the concept of three-layer lighting process can help you make better decisions.
We recommend the three-layer lighting process which is kind of lighting arrangement technique commonly used by interior designers all around the world. There are multiple functions for the lights you use in your home and based on that all lighting can be classified into three layers: Ambient Lighting which is used for general illumination of a room, task lighting which is used for particular task or to light a small area and accent lighting which is used to highlight the elements you think important. Using all these layers of lighting is important to give that elegant look for your home.

1. Ambient Lighting
The light sources used to illuminate the entire space is called ambient lights. This is the first layer of lighting and all houses have this. The LED or CFL lights you use in your room to provide general lighting for a room is an example of ambient lighting. Ambient light gives uniform light to the entire room. Unlike desk lamps or bed lamps, ambient lighting has no specific purposes.

The purpose of ambient light is to give necessary light to the indoor. Most of the people think that an ambient light source with a neutral colour is the best for their house. But in fact, people can choose warm or cool colour lights to create the particular mood based on the design of the house. The best match for a traditional looking house will be warm colour lights and cool colour lights will be great for modern and contemporary designs.
Here is a list of common types of bulbs used for ambient lighting.

Chandelier Lights: This is a decorative light source with multiple bulbs and this gives an elegant look to the house. Usually, this is fixed in large rooms.

Recessed Lights: This is commonly seen in commercial and office places and it is also used for homes. Lights are fixed inside a hole in the ceiling and give light downwards. Most of the time one such light is not enough to light an entire room and you will have to fix multiple lights to get enough ambient light for a room.
Wall Scones: Wall scones are fixed on the wall and it can add style and mood to any room. This is another common lighting seen in homes.

Track lighting: Although the function of a track light is similar to a spotlight, using multiple light sources, a track light can be used for ambient lighting. At the same time, one of the light sources in the track light can be used as the spotlight to illuminate particular elements in a room like a wall painting. The direction of each light sources in a track light can be changed easily.

2.Task Lighting
The second layer of lighting is to illuminate small area or lighting for particular activities like reading or writing and it is called task lighting. As the name suggests, these lights have special functions or tasks and are used only for that. Here is a list of common example for task lighting.

Table Lamp/Desk Lamp: This light is used when people work on table or desk. The light illuminates only the necessary area. These lights are used when the ambient light is not strong enough to read or do other works on a table. Using a table lamp, you can illuminate the table area and do your work. Sometimes, for different reasons, you don’t want to switch on the ambient lights for a room in the night while you work on a desk. Then you can use a table lamp. Similarly, when you work with a computer in dark, you can use a table lamp to see the keyboard very well.

Under Counter Light: These kinds of lights can be fixed under the shelves above the cooking area in a kitchen. These lights are easy to install and can be tucked beneath shelves or cupboards.

Swing Arm lights: This can be used as an alternative to bed lamps or chimney lights. Swing arm lights are available in different varieties and there are different models for different purposes. It gets its name from its adjustable and foldable arm. The light source is fixed at one end of the arm. With the help of adjustable arm, the direction of the light can be changed.

Pendant Lights: These lights are hung down from the ceiling. A pendant light can be used for the ambient lighting and for the task lighting. It is commonly used in kitchen as a task light. Since it is far below the ceiling, it can better illuminate the specific area you want.

Floor Lamps: This is similar to a desk lamp. Instead of keeping on a table, the floor lamps are kept on the floor. These are like a miniature of street lamps. The leg of these lights are tall and so it can be used to illuminate a desk. Floor lamps are now available with adjustable legs and so the direction and height of the light can be changed.

3.Accent Lighting
The lights used to attract the attention of people towards something come under the third layer of lighting. This is to highlight particular elements inside or outside a house. This can also be used to divert the attention of people from things doesn’t look good. Unlike, other layers of lighting, the primary function of accent lighting is to add style and beauty.

Track Lighting: Any of one from the light sources in a track light can be directed towards something like a painting on the wall, picture or a pottery. This illuminates that objects and attract others attention.

Under Cabinet Lighting: Less intense under cabinet lights are another way to highlight things.

Wall scones: Less intense and warm wall scones can create beautiful shapes on the wall.

The possibilities of accent lighting are limitless. You can put light on the trees or direct light towards them to make them stand out. If you have a fountain or aquarium in your house, you can direct lights behind it.

This classification is not mutually exclusive and the examples might overlap across layers. Some types of lights are used in multiple layers of lighting. So it is important to remember that it is the functionality of a lighting that determines the layer. When you choose lightings for your home, think about each of these layers and choose a perfect type of lighting for each.